Scutellinia scutellata (NL: Gewone wimperzwam / EN: Eyelash cup, Molly eye-winker, Scarlet elf cap, Eyelash fungus, Eyelash pixie cup / DE: Gewöhnliche Schildborstling, Holz-Schildborstling / FR: Pézize en bouclier) is a small saprophytic fungus in the Pyronemataceae family. The fruiting body of S. scutellata is a shallow disc shape, typically between 0.2 to 1 cm in diameter. The youngest specimens are almost entirely spherical; the cups open up and expand to a disc during maturity. The inner surface of the cup (the fertile spore-bearing surface, known as the hymenium) is bright orange-red, while the outer surface (the sterile surface) is pale brown. The flesh is red and thin. The outer surface is covered in dark coloured, stiff hairs, measuring up to 1 cm in length. At the base, these hairs are up to 40 µm thick, and they taper towards the pointed apices. The hairs form distinctive "eyelashes" on the margin of the cup that are visible to the naked eye or easily visible through a magnifying glass. S. scutellata is sessile - it does not have a stalk.
note: image made with 150mm 1:1 + 2xTC - Actual image size about 11mm x 7mm
Image: Schilde (BE) – 04/12/2012
© Johan Dierckx
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