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Auriscalpium vulgare

Posted by
Johan Dierckx (Wijnegem, Belgium) on 14 January 2013 in Plant & Nature and Portfolio.

Auriscalpium vulgare (NL: Oorlepelzwam / EN: Pinecone mushroom, Cone tooth, Ear-pick fungus / DE: Ohrlöffelpilz / FR: Hydne cure-oreille) is a species of fungus in the family Auriscalpiaceae. It was first described in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus, who included it as a member of the tooth fungi genus Hydnum, but British mycologist Samuel Frederick Gray recognized its uniqueness and in 1821 transferred it to the genus Auriscalpium that he created to contain it. The fungus is widely distributed in Europe, Central America, North America, and temperate Asia. Although common, its small size and nondescript colors lead it to be easily overlooked in the pine woods where it grows. The fruit bodies grow on conifer litter or on conifer cones that may be partially or completely buried in soil. The dark brown cap of the small, spoon-shaped mushroom is covered with fine brown hairs, and reaches a diameter of up to 2 cm. On the underside of the cap are a crowded array of tiny tooth-shaped protrusions ("teeth") up to 3 mm long; they are initially whitish to purplish-pink before turning brown in age (see image !).The dark brown and hairy stem, up to 55 mm long and 2 mm thick, attaches to one edge of the cap. The mushroom produces a white spore print out of roughly spherical spores. High levels of humidity are essential for optimum fruit body development, and growth is inhibited by excesses of either light or darkness. Fruit bodies change their geotropic response three times during their development, which helps ensure that the teeth ultimately point downward for optimum spore release.

Image: Schilde (BE) – 06/11/2012

Canon EOS 400D 1/4 second F/9.0 ISO 200 150 mm

© Johan Dierckx

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All species are photographed in their natural habitat, without cutting or capturing them, and with maximal respect and the least possible disturbance to the environment.

(To see species in the same taxonomic rank (Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus), please use the tags provided with the image. The last tag is the Iso-code for the country where the image was taken. Image-date in DD/MM/YYYY format.)


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helys from Paris, France

So amazing textures, shapes, colors
Interesting informations
Thank you:)

14 Jan 2013 9:03am

Ana Lúcia from Leiria, Portugal

A wonderful selection of pattern and texture.

14 Jan 2013 10:00am

Dimitrios from ATHENS, Greece

superb texture*

14 Jan 2013 11:13am

omid from mashhad, Iran

woooow!
very nice & amazing!!!
so beautiful colors & texture!

14 Jan 2013 2:36pm

Francisco from Miami, United States

Very nice!

15 Jan 2013 4:54am

Canon EOS 400D
1/4 second
F/9.0
ISO 200
150 mm

fungi
basidiomycota
agaricomycetes
russulales
auriscalpiaceae
auriscalpium
be