Maniola jurtina

Posted by Johan Dierckx (Wijnegem, Belgium) on 14 November 2012 in Animal & Insect and Portfolio.

Maniola jurtina (NL: Bruin zandoogje / EN: Meadow Brown / DE: Großes Ochsenauge / FR: Myrtil) is a butterfy found in the Palearctic ecozone and arguably the commonest European butterfly. There is marked sexual dimorphism in this species. Males are less colorful, with smaller eyespots and much reduced orange areas on the upper forewings. They are also much more active and range far about, while females fly less and often may not away from the area where they grew up. A variable number of smaller eyespots are usually found on the hindwing undersides. These may number up to 12 per individual butterfly, with up to 6 on each wing. The factors that govern polymorphism in this trait are not resolved, although a number of theories have been proposed. On the other hand, the evolutionary significance of the upperwing eyespots is more obvious: The more active males have a markedly more cryptic upperside pattern, whereas the females have more often opportunity to present their eyespots in a sudden display of colors and patterns that presumably make neophobic predators hesitate so that the butterfly has better chances of escaping.

Image: Maastricht (NL) – 04/09/2012

© Johan Dierckx

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Aigleloup from Rebecq, Belgium

Toujours aussi merveilleux avec ce léger contre-jour

14 Nov 2012 8:24am

Aubélia from Kortrijk, Belgium

Prachtig licht in deze foto. Een fijne dag.

14 Nov 2012 8:41am

Lai Chan See from Singapore, Singapore

Beautiful macro. The silver lining on the wing is wonderful.

14 Nov 2012 12:41pm

Francisco from Miami, United States

Beautiful!

14 Nov 2012 5:35pm

Canon EOS 400D
1/125 second
F/5.6
ISO 200
150 mm

animalia
arthropoda
insecta
lepidoptera
nymphalidae
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