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Silene dioica

Posted by
Johan Dierckx (Wijnegem, Belgium) on 7 June 2012 in Plant & Nature and Portfolio.

Silene dioica (NL: Dagkoekoeksbloem / EN: Red campion / DE: Rote Lichtnelke, Rotes Leimkraut, Rote Nachtnelke, Rote Waldnelke, Taglichtnelke, Herrgottsblut / FR: Compagnon rouge) is a flowering plant in the family Caryophyllaceae, native throughout central, western and northern Europe, and locally in southern Europe. It is a herbaceous biennial or perennial plant, with dark pink to red flowers, each 1.8-2.5 cm across. The flowers are unscented. There are five petals which are deeply notched at the end, narrowed at the base and all go into an urn-shaped calyx. It flowers from May to October. The plant grows to 30-90 cm, with branching stems. The deep green leaves are in opposite pairs, simple acute ovate, 3-8 cm long with an untoothed margin; both the leaves and stems of the plant are hairy and slightly sticky. The upper leaves are stalkless. Male and female flowers are born on separate plants, the male (see image) with 10 stamens and a 10-veined calyx, the female with 5 styles and a 20-veined calyx. The fruit, produced from July onwards, is an ovoid capsule containing numerous seeds, opening at the apex by 10 teeth which curve back. Silene dioica grows in roadsides, woodlands, and rocky slopes. It prefers to grow on damp, non-acid soils.

Image: Wijnegem (BE) – 04/05/2012

Canon EOS 400D 1/125 second F/5.6 ISO 200 150 mm

© Johan Dierckx

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All species are photographed in their natural habitat, without cutting or capturing them, and with maximal respect and the least possible disturbance to the environment.

(To see species in the same taxonomic rank (Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus), please use the tags provided with the image. The last tag is the Iso-code for the country where the image was taken. Image-date in DD/MM/YYYY format.)


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Marilla from Turku, Finland

Beautiful flower and composition!

7 Jun 2012 7:08am

Tinx from Kuressaare, Estonia

Beautiful!

7 Jun 2012 7:37am

omid from mashhad, Iran

very nice!!!!!
Beautiful colors!

7 Jun 2012 7:30pm

marc battault from clermont ferrand, France

a wonderful pink flower !

7 Jun 2012 7:51pm

john4jack from Corvallis, Oregon, United States

exquisite

7 Jun 2012 11:22pm

Canon EOS 400D
1/125 second
F/5.6
ISO 200
150 mm

plantae
magnoliophyta
magnoliopsida
caryophyllales
caryophyllaceae
silene
be