Zerynthia polyxena (NL: Zuidelijke pijpbloemvlinder / EN: Southern Festoon / DE: Osterluzeifalter / FR: Diane) is a striking butterfly belonging to the Papilionidae family of butterflies Its flight time is from April to June in a single brood. The species is widespread in the middle and southern Europe (southeastern France, Italy, Slovakia and Greece) covering all the Balkans and reaching the south of Kazakhstan and the Urals. Although they are widespread they occur only locally. Zerynthia polyxena can reach a wingspan of 60–80 mm. The females have slightly longer wings, usually lighter colored than males. The basic color of the wings is yellow, but they have a complicated pattern of several black bands and spots. On the edges of the hindwings they have a series of blue and red warning spots to deter potential predators. The body is dark brown and bears red patches on the sides of the abdomen. The adults are active for no more than 3 weeks. The females lay their eggs singly or in small groups at the bottom of the host plants.
Sortino (IT-SI) - 11/04/2012
© Johan Dierckx
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