Pholiota squarrosa (NL: Schubbige bundelzwam / EN: Shaggy Scalycap / DE: Sparriger Schüppling / FR: Pholiote écailleuse) is a species of mushroom in the Strophariaceae family. Common in North America and Europe, it is often an opportunistic parasite, and has a wide range of hosts among deciduous trees, although it can also infect conifers. It can also live as a saprobe, deriving nutrients from decomposing wood. The mushroom is typically found growing in clusters at the base of trees and stumps. This large, showy Pholiota is the "type species" for the genus, which means that mycologists have chosen it to represent the "typical" features of pholiotas namely, a scaly cap and stem (the genus name means "scaly" in Greek), a brown spore print, attached gills, and a partial veil. Pholiota squarrosa may require microscopic analysis for certain identification, but its dry cap, large size, greenish mature gills, and garlicky odor (not present in all collections) serve as fairly good field characters.
Image: Schilde (BE) - 04/11/2011
© Johan Dierckx
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