281A00 716A00 7E725C 978401 A9813C BDA703 D9B990 FFE3B4

Marmota marmota

Posted by
Johan Dierckx (Wijnegem, Belgium) on 19 October 2011 in Animal & Insect and Portfolio.

Marmota marmota (NL: Alpenmarmot / EN: Alpine Marmot / DE: Alpenmurmeltier / FR: Marmotte des Alpes).
The Alpine marmot is endemic to Europe. Its core range extends through the Alps of France, Italy, Switzerland, Germany and Austria. An adult alpine marmot may weigh between 4 and 8 kg, stand at 18 cm at the shoulder, and reach between 42–54 cm in length (not including the tail, which measures between 13–16 cm on average). This makes the alpine marmot the largest squirrel species. Its coat is a mixture of blonde, reddish and dark gray fur. While most of the alpine marmot's fingers have claws, its thumbs have nails. It inhabits alpine meadows and high-altitude pastures, typically on south-facing slopes from 1.200-3.000 m. (although it is occasionally found at lower altitudes). They are excellent diggers, able to penetrate soil that even a pickaxe would have difficulty with and colonies inhabit deep burrow systems in alluvial soil or rocky areas. When creating a burrow, they use both their forepaws and hind feet to assist in the work - the forepaws scrape away the soil, which is then pushed out of the way by the hind feet. If there are any stones in the way, the alpine marmot will remove them with its teeth provided that the stones aren't too large. "Living areas" are created at the end of a burrow, and are often lined with dried hay, grass and plant stems. Any other burrow tunnels that go nowhere are used as toilet areas. Once burrows have been completed, they only host one family, but are often enlarged by the next generation, sometimes creating very complex burrows over time. Each alpine marmot will live in a group that consists of several burrows, and which has a dominant breeding pair. Alpine marmots are very defensive against intruders, and will warn them off using intimidating behaviour, such as beating of the tail and chattering of the teeth, and by marking their territory with their scent. One can often see an alpine marmot "standing" while they keep a look-out for potential predators or other dangers. If one is spotted, they will emit a loud whistle or chirp - one whistle is given for possible airborne predators, more for ground predators. It has a herbivorous diet, primarily composed of green parts of grasses, sedges, and herbs. They spend up to nine months per year in hibernation. Although not currently in any danger of extinction, alpine marmots used to be widely hunted due to the belief that their fat would ease rheumatism when rubbed on the skin. However, hunting of the alpine marmot still occurs for sport purposes. This is a danger to the species, as they are relatively slow at breeding.

Image: Pontresina (CH) - 19/07/2011

Canon EOS 400D 1/250 second F/9.0 ISO 200 400 mm

© Johan Dierckx

The photos on this site are copyrighted, which prohibits anyone to use them to sell, give away, use in email or newsgroups, use in a homepage or otherwise showing to the public without my explicit, prior, written permission. Please feel free to use the "contact"-button below to contact me with any questions.

All species are photographed in their natural habitat, without cutting or capturing them, and with maximal respect and the least possible disturbance to the environment.

(To see species in the same taxonomic rank (Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus), please use the tags provided with the image. The last tag is the Iso-code for the country where the image was taken. Image-date in DD/MM/YYYY format.)

Please feel free to visit my personal website http://www.diversitasnaturae.be/

Christine from Ellemford, United Kingdom

Fantastic capture 5*****

19 Oct 2011 6:15am

Dan Stevens from Reading, United Kingdom

Beautiful capture! I like the depth of field on this shot.

19 Oct 2011 7:46am

Aubélia from Kortrijk, Belgium

Heel mooi in beeld gebracht ! Schitterend.

19 Oct 2011 8:52am

Laurette from Johannesburg - Fourways, South Africa

A beautiful capture with fabulous POV and wonderful colours and light.

19 Oct 2011 12:33pm

Ralf Kesper from Attendorn, Germany

Punxsutawney Phil :-)

A very nice image!

19 Oct 2011 3:57pm

Lia from Zwolle, Netherlands

Schitterend, de marmot mooi scherp en de softe voor- en achtergrond.
Ook erg mooi van licht en kleur.

19 Oct 2011 8:18pm

David from Montgat, Spain

Really amazing nature shot. I really like :-)

19 Oct 2011 10:33pm

RBL from Oxford, United States

Wonderful capture and earthy colors and tones!

19 Oct 2011 11:56pm

Magda from Vancouver, Canada


20 Oct 2011 12:00am

Canon EOS 400D
1/250 second
ISO 200
400 mm