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Gymnadenia conopsea

Posted by
Johan Dierckx (Wijnegem, Belgium) on 16 September 2011 in Plant & Nature and Portfolio.

Series: European Terrestrial Orchids

Gymnadenia conopsea (NL:Grote muggenorchis / EN:Fragrant Orchid / DE: Mücken-Händelwurz / FR: Orchis moucheron) is an herbaceous plant belonging to the family Orchidaceae. The name of the genus Gymnadenia is formed from Greek words "gymnos" meaning "nude" and "adèn" meaning "gland" and refers to the characteristics of the organs for secreting nectar. The specific Latin name "conopsea" derives from the Greek "konops", literally means "like mosquito", probably because of the similarity of the long spur of the flower with the mouthparts of that insect. The inflorescence is 5–25 cm. long and it is composed of flowers gathered in dense cylindrical spikes (up to 50 flowers per spike). The flowers are petiolated, placed in the axils of long bracts and reach on average 8–14 mm. They have a distinctive three lobed lip and long spurs. Their colors vary from pink to pink-purple, more rarely white. These flowers bloom in the Summer, from June to July. They are hermaphrodite and pollinated by insects (entomophily), including moths. The seeds germination is conditioned by the presence of specific fungi.

More images and info on European terrestrial orchids can be found on my Wordpress-Blog about European Orchids

Image: Passo Gardena (IT) - 10/07/2011

Canon EOS 400D 1/500 second F/4.5 ISO 200 150 mm

© Johan Dierckx

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All species are photographed in their natural habitat, without cutting or capturing them, and with maximal respect and the least possible disturbance to the environment.

(To see species in the same taxonomic rank (Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus), please use the tags provided with the image. The last tag is the Iso-code for the country where the image was taken. Image-date in DD/MM/YYYY format.)

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Aubélia from Kortrijk, Belgium


16 Sep 2011 9:19am

john4jack from Corvallis, Oregon, United States


16 Sep 2011 10:11pm

Magda from Vancouver, Canada

great use of shallow DOF!

14 Oct 2011 5:07am

Canon EOS 400D
1/500 second
ISO 200
150 mm