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Nigritella austriaca

Posted by
Johan Dierckx (Wijnegem, Belgium) on 29 August 2011 in Plant & Nature and Portfolio.

Series: European Terrestrial Orchids

Nigritella austriaca (syn: Nigritella nigra subsp. austriaca ; Gymnadenia austriaca) (NL: "Oostenrijkse Vanilleorchis" / EN: ? / DE: Österreichisches Kohlröschen (Schwärzlein, Brändele, Brunelle, Blutrösli, Blutströpfli, Mohrenköpfli, Schokoladenblümli, Vanilleblümli) / FR: Nigritelle d'Autriche) is a species of European terrestrial Orchid. In the Italian Dolomites two "black" Nigritella's can be found: N. rhellicani (see image posted on 16 aug 2011) and N. austriaca (this image). The two are very similar in appearance, so a realy close look is needed for proper determination. The plant height of both species is 15 (10-20 cm). The flowers of N.austriaca are a little brighter and therefore slightly more reddish. The inflorescence is shorter than N.rhellicani, hemispherical to spherical flourished, rather broader than high. Typically is the the strong scent of chocolate / vanilla. The flowers are also slightly larger (lip: 7,5-9,6 mm) than those of N. rhellicani (lip: 5-7 mm). A good magnifying glass is needed to make the difference at the edge of the lower bracts visible: In N. rhellicani this often carries a seam of 0.05-0.1 mm long papillae while on N. austriaca the edge is smooth or bumpy, filled with more than a few very short papillae. N.austriaca blooms at the same location approximately 8-10 days before N.Rhellicani. N. austriaca is tetraploid (2n = 80) and has an apomictic reproduction.

More images and info on European terrestrial orchids can be found on my Wordpress-Blog about European Orchids

Image: Tre Cime di Lavaredo (IT) - 05/07/2011

Canon EOS 400D 1/500 second F/5.6 ISO 200 150 mm

© Johan Dierckx

The photos on this site are copyrighted, which prohibits anyone to use them to sell, give away, use in email or newsgroups, use in a homepage or otherwise showing to the public without my explicit, prior, written permission. Please feel free to use the "contact"-button below to contact me with any questions.

All species are photographed in their natural habitat, without cutting or capturing them, and with maximal respect and the least possible disturbance to the environment.

(To see species in the same taxonomic rank (Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus), please use the tags provided with the image. The last tag is the Iso-code for the country where the image was taken. Image-date in DD/MM/YYYY format.)

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Aubélia from Kortrijk, Belgium

één woord : Schitterend !!!

29 Aug 2011 8:42am

jay from MUMBAI, India

Excellent Color Combo..

29 Aug 2011 2:11pm

RBL from Oxford, United States

Very Lovely!

29 Aug 2011 6:39pm

Calusarus from St Sorlin en Valloire, France

5 stars

29 Aug 2011 7:32pm

john4jack from Corvallis, Oregon, United States


30 Aug 2011 12:41am

DarkElf from Perth, Australia

beautifully done! fantastic colours, composition and details!

30 Aug 2011 1:32am

Goddess ☼ Ƹl¡ from Tehran, Iran

what an strange flower !?
well done
nice composition :)

30 Aug 2011 1:28pm

KriKridesign from Suisse, Switzerland

Hi Dear!
A pleasure to visit you again and to discover your last works...I love this one, and I can even smell the perfume.... :-)

31 Aug 2011 1:16pm

Canon EOS 400D
1/500 second
ISO 200
150 mm