Dactylorhiza incarnata (NL: Vleeskleurige orchis / EN: Early Marsh Orchid / DE: Fleischfarbene Knabenkraut) is a perennial, temperate-climate species of orchid generally found growing in wet meadows, and generally on base-rich soils, up to about 2100m asl. The species occurs widely in Europe and Asia: its distribution is from Russia, Mongolia, Turkey and Romania in the east, through Hungary, Austria, Switzerland, Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands to France, Britain and Ireland in the west. The Early Marsh Orchid is also found in Norway and Sweden. There are several subspecies and also hybrids, rendering the identification of this species more difficult, but typically, the flowering spike is robust with a hollow stem, 25–60 cm tall, and bearing up to 50 flowers. Plants grow to a height of from 15 to 70 cm. The 4–7 erect yellowish-green leaves are hooded at the tip. The inflorescence is 4–12 cm long, with up to 50 blooms. The labellum appears long and narrow, since its sides are strongly reflexed (folded back). The tip is shallowly three-lobed. The flower is often flesh-coloured (the meaning of incarnata) and the labellum normally has loop-shaped markings.
The flowering period is from May to mid-July, dependent on latitude and subspecies.
More images and info on European terrestial orchids can be found on my Wordpress-Blog on European Orchids
Image: De Panne (B) - 22/05/2011
© Johan Dierckx
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All species are photographed in their natural habitat, without cutting or capturing them, and with maximal respect and the least possible disturbance to the environment.
(To see species in the same taxonomic rank (Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus), please use the tags provided with the image. The last tag is the Iso-code for the country where the image was taken. Image-date in DD/MM/YYYY format.)
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