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Gomphidius roseus

Posted by
Johan Dierckx (Wijnegem, Belgium) on 13 November 2010 in Plant & Nature and Portfolio.

Gomphidius roseus (Roze spijkerzwam (BE) / Rosy spike-cap (EN) / Rosenroter Schmierling (DE) / Gomphide rose (FR)) is a gilled mushroom in the Gomphidaceae family. The genus name is derived from the Greek "γομφος" "gomphos" meaning "plug" or "large wedge-shaped nail" referring to the overal shape of the species. The specific epithet "roseus" is the Latin adjective "pink". Although it has gills, it is a member of the order Boletales, along with the boletes.

There is something very strange about this very attractive little mushroom, and it puzzled experts for a very long time. It was thought to be a mycorrhizal fungus, creating a symbiotic relationship with pine trees (Pinus sylvestris). But wherever Gomphidius roseus appeares, another, much more common species, invariably showes up (mostly but not necessarily at the same time). Suillus bovinus ("Jersey cow mushroom" - a true bolete) is also found under pine trees, with which it forms an ectomycorrhizal relationship, the fungus and the tree providing each other with some of their nutrient needs. In fact we now know that Gomphideus roseus is a parasite, feeding on the mycorrhizae created by the bolete and the pine tree.


Image: Schilde (BE) - 05/10/2010

Canon EOS 400D 1/800 second F/5.6 ISO 200 150 mm

© Johan Dierckx

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All species are photographed in their natural habitat, without cutting or capturing them, and with maximal respect and the least possible disturbance to the environment.

(To see species in the same taxonomic rank (Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus), please use the tags provided with the image. The last tag is the Iso-code for the country where the image was taken. Image-date in DD/MM/YYYY format.)


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Shahryar from Isfahan, Iran

beautiful capture :)

13 Nov 2010 8:26am

Olivier from Manage, Belgium

perfect realisation!

13 Nov 2010 2:25pm

Marilla from Turku, Finland

A classic mushroom shot!

13 Nov 2010 4:19pm

Tillymea from Stockholm, Sweden

Exceptional masterpiece, amazing close up all the wonderful details:)))))))

13 Nov 2010 8:25pm

Joke from Leuven, Belgium

fantastisch!

14 Nov 2010 12:15am

AMH from Buenos Aires, Argentina

really is beautiful. You can see all the details. fantastic again. Alex

14 Nov 2010 4:22am

Christine from Duns, United Kingdom

I can see why it looks like a plug, you have captured it perfectly

14 Nov 2010 12:09pm

¨‘°ºO Dutçh Oº°‘¨ from Neverwhere, United States

An excellent composition here Johan!

16 Nov 2010 12:47am

Loner from Wörgl, Austria

Die Detail dieses Pilzes sind großartig zu sehen - fesch !! - (so sagt man in Österreich)

16 Nov 2010 3:39pm

Canon EOS 400D
1/800 second
F/5.6
ISO 200
150 mm

fungi
basidiomycota
agaricomycetes
boletales
gomphidiaceae
gomphidius
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