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Amanita rubescens

Posted by
Johan Dierckx (Wijnegem, Belgium) on 9 September 2010 in Plant & Nature and Portfolio.

Amanita rubescens (Parelamaniet (BE) / Blusher (EN) / Perlpilz oder Rötender Wulstling (DE) / Amanite rougissante (FR) ) is a fungus in the Amanitaceae family. The European blusher has a reddish-brown convex pileus (The pileus is the technical name for the cap, or cap-like part of the fungus), that is up to 15 cm across, and strewn with small cream-coloured warts ("Warts" are pieces of tissue adorning a mushroom's cap, resulting from the deterioration of a universal veil. Warts are similar to patches, but there are more of them). It is sometimes covered with an ochre-yellow flush which can be washed by the rain. The flesh of the mushroom is white, becoming pink when bruised or exposed to air. This is a key feature in differentiating it from the poisonous False Blusher or Panther cap (Amanita pantherina), whose flesh does not.
Although edible, it can be confused with deadly poisonous species, and should definitely be avoided by novice mushroomers.

Image: Ranst (BE) - 04/09/2010

Canon EOS 400D 1/8 second F/11.0 ISO 100 150 mm

© Johan Dierckx

The photos on this site are copyrighted, which prohibits anyone to use them to sell, give away, use in email or newsgroups, use in a homepage or otherwise showing to the public without my explicit, prior, written permission. Please feel free to use the "contact"-button below to contact me with any questions.

All species are photographed in their natural habitat, without cutting or capturing them, and with maximal respect and the least possible disturbance to the environment.

(To see species in the same taxonomic rank (Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus), please use the tags provided with the image. The last tag is the Iso-code for the country where the image was taken. Image-date in DD/MM/YYYY format.)

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Ioanaz from Bucharest, Romania

very interesting things ! and your shot si amazing !

9 Sep 2010 5:39am

@Ioanaz: Thank you very much for your visit and comment, Ioanaz.

daniela scharnowski from Berlin, Germany

To be honest - I don´t dare to go out and gather mushroom I only know from books and eat them ;D
I did find alot of mushroom in Mcklenburg´s forests in the summer but the light was so bad, I didn´t took a single shot of them ;(
Thankfully you had better conditions - they´re are fascinating organisms - and also very photogenic ;D Love your details of his hat!

9 Sep 2010 6:38am

@daniela scharnowski: I don't eat mushrooms out of nature, only the ones I get from the store ... Just too dangerous. Hope to get a lot of good images during next season and indeed there are lots of them already due to the wet August here. Thanks for making the effort on commenting so many images again, Daniela. Greetz !

Christine from Duns, United Kingdom

Excellent shot, I think the warts would put me off, like Daniela I am very, very wary of what mushrooms we pick.

9 Sep 2010 6:46am

@Christine: I think that is smart, Christine. There are too much inedible species around .... I do like searching them, making good images and hope to be able to get the determination right - but I leave them where they are (unless microscopic research is needed for determination).

Monique from Koh Samui, Thailand

Veel te zonde om op te eten, ik kijk liever naar zo'n prachtige foto waar ieder 'stippeltje' duidelijk te zien is. Je hebt een mooie foto van dit ongeschonden exemplaar gemaakt, vind de 'doorkijk' naar de passende kleuren in de achtergrond ook erg mooi.

9 Sep 2010 7:28am

@Monique: Ik geniet in ieder geval meer van het fotograferen dan het eten hoor - ze blijven waar ze zijn (tenzij microscopisch onderzoek noodzakelijk is om tot de juiste soort te komen - maar zover ben ik nog niet in mijn paddenstoelencursus ....) Dit is not een erg jong exemplaar vandaar dat elk wratje nog netjes op zijn plek zit - na een regenbui blijft er vaak niet erg veel meer van over.

Veronique from Sarrouilles, France

I first thought of a nice fresh sugar bun :-)

9 Sep 2010 8:04am

@Veronique: You must have been very hungry then ... :-) Greetz Veronique!

Marleen from Doesburg, Netherlands

Prachtige macro van deze enorme paddenstoel. Ben benieuwd of jij ze wel eet?
Jij boft met je cursus, las dat er vanwege het weer een ware explosie van zwammen is nu, ook met heel bijzondere exemplaren:-)

9 Sep 2010 8:16am

@Marleen: Neen, Marleen, ik eet ze niet ! Ik zoek ze, fotografeer ze en probeer ze op naam te brengen, dan stopt het :-) Er zijn inderdaad erg veel paddenstoelen momenteel en op de eerste excursie zagen we inderdaad al een heel aantal erg zeldzame soorten. (Alleen is zo een cursus niet echt de moment om met "zwaar fotomateriaal" te komen aandraven). Het exemplaar op de foto is trouwens echt niet groot hoor - een heel jong exemplaartje, maar het is een macro - dus soms moeilijk de juiste verhoudingen in te schatten als je geen referentie hebt.... Fijne dag voor je !

carla from Netherlands

Prachtig foto, mooi die achtergrond vaag op de achtergrond.
Het zijn nog dikke stippen ook.

9 Sep 2010 9:02am

@carla: De stippen zijn nog erg gaaf omdat het hier een erg jong exemplaar is. Na een regenbui blijft er van de stippen vaak niet veel meer over. Bedankt voor je commentaar alweer, Carla. Een fijne dag voor je.

kitty from Seoul, South Korea

looks delicious in the warm light. ^^

9 Sep 2010 9:42am

@kitty: I don't know - did not taste ... :-)

Betsy Barron from Philadelphia, PA, United States

ewww is there an ointment for that!?

9 Sep 2010 12:30pm

@Betsy Barron: Just get a shower twice a day with some water and fresh soap :P

Loner from Wörgl, Austria

Sehr schöne Details !

9 Sep 2010 5:07pm

@Loner: Thank you very much for commenting on the last series of images, Sonja. Hope your foot is almost normal again so you can go out to shoot ! Take care !

Dutçh from Chicagoland, United States

A good warning on the mushroom. It's interesting that its warts are truly blemishes too. It must be smooth then when it is very young?

9 Sep 2010 10:15pm

@Dutçh: the "velum universale" (and "velum partiale" too) is smooth indeed. It grows with the young mushroom untill the tension is getting too high. At that moment it "cracks" into these pieces we see as warts. These can be seen best on very young specimen. After some rain most of them can be washed of the cap. (he he - I did pay attention duting my mushroom-course ! :D)

Marilla from Turku, Finland

Nice cap! It looked like the Amanita pantherina at first sight. By the way, one of the world's most poisonous mushrooms can be found in this area I'm living - the Amanita phalloides.

10 Sep 2010 3:01pm

@Marilla: Well seen, Marilla - it is very closely related to amanita pantherina. The main difference is that pantherina has pure white warts while rubescens has more brown or reddish color in the warts. It is not always easy to tell the difference. A.phalloides occurs in Belgium too but I have not seen that species yet. Have a nice weekend !

Julie Brown from Indianapolis, United States

Awesome detail and texture on this, Johan. I am definitely going to be looking for fungi on my walks now, and maybe get a field guide!

11 Sep 2010 1:28pm

@Julie Brown: I'll wait for the images ... :-))) Good luck !

Canon EOS 400D
1/8 second
ISO 100
150 mm